High blood pressure. Causes, symptoms, treatments

[Antioxidant properties and membranotropic effect of certain derivatives of 1,4-dihydropyridine].


This study assessed whether fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine differ in efficacy and tolerability in depressed patients and the impact of baseline insomnia on outcomes. Patients (N = 284) with DSM-IV major depressive disorder were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to fluoxetine, paroxetine, or sertraline for 10 to 16 weeks of treatment. Using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) sleep disturbance factor score, patients were categorized into low (<4) or high (>or=4) baseline insomnia subgroups. Changes in depression and insomnia were assessed. Safety assessments included treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs), reasons for discontinuation, and AEs leading to discontinuation. In addition, AEs were evaluated within insomnia subgroups to determine emergence of activation or sedation. Depression improvement, assessed with the HAM-D-17 total score, was similar among treatments in all patients (p = 0.365) and the high (p = 0.853) and low insomnia (p = 0.415) subgroups. Insomnia improvement, assessed with the HAM-D sleep disturbance factor score, was similar among treatments in all patients (p = 0.868) and in the high (p = 0.852) and low insomnia (p = 0.982) subgroups. Analyses revealed no significant differences between treatments in the percentages of patients with substantial worsening, any worsening, worsening at endpoint, or improvement at endpoint in the HAM-D sleep disturbance factor in either insomnia subgroup. Treatments were well tolerated in most patients. No significant differences between treatments in the incidence of AEs suggestive of activation or sedation were seen in the insomnia subgroups. These data show no significant differences in acute treatment efficacy and tolerability across fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine in major depressive disorder patients. Improvement in overall depression and in associated insomnia was achieved by most patients regardless of baseline insomnia.

Antidepressants, such as sertraline, appear to be significantly helpful in the treatment of mood symptoms during the course of GnRH agonist therapy.

Cochrane Library, AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, LiLACS, MEDLINE, PSYCINFO, PSYNDEX, and Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing medicinal interventions (citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, mirtazapine, paroxetine, sertraline, venlafaxine), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), combined fluoxetine with CBT, and placebo treatment for acute MDD from January 1988 to March 2013. Treatment success, dropout rate, and suicidal ideation/attempt outcomes were measured. Bayesian methods were used to conduct a MTM including age and funding subgroups.

To report a case of sudden cardiac death in a patient receiving combination therapy with clozapine and sertraline.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents is often a disabling condition, which demands treatment with medication. Research shows that serotonin is involved in the disorder and empirical treatment studies show that antidepressants with serotonin activity are effective. The first choice of treatment in the psychopharmacological approach to OCD in children and adolescents are the SSRI agents, which have been documented as being effective as well as well-tolerated in children and adolescents. The best-documented SSRI to this point is sertraline. However, fluoxetine and fluoxamine have also undergone systematic studies in children and adolescents. Clomipramine has been proven effective, however, side effects caused by this agent would suggest that an SSRI is a better choice. Treatment with an SSRI seems to have effect in approximately 75 % of patients with OCD. There are still no systematic studies analyzing augmenting medication for children and adolescents with OCD. Research indicates that the combination of medication and psychotherapy (cognitive behavioural therapy) is important in most cases. Based on a few long-term follow-up studies on OCD children and adolescents there is not evidence that all children and adolescents suffer a lifetime course of the disease. It is therefore recommended that discontinuation is attempted after 1-1.5 years of successful treatment.

To study possible selective prescribing ('channelling') we compared characteristics of patients using the SSRI sertraline with patients using longer available SSRIs.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have become the most frequently used antidepressants in China in recent decades. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the efficacy and tolerability of SSRIs in Chinese studies and the quality of Chinese randomized controlled trials.

Between April 2008 and October 2014 we prospectively enrolled 70 patients referred to our department for symptomatic paroxysmal hypertension. Patients received sertraline (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, 50 mg once daily) as an add-on to their current medication. Effect of this treatment was assessed on next clinical visit at least 3 months later.