High blood pressure. Causes, symptoms, treatments

Enhanced detection of reversible perfusion defects by Tc-99m sestamibi compared to Tc-99m tetrofosmin during vasodilator stress SPECT imaging in mild-to-moderate coronary artery disease.

2017-05-10

Vardenafil induced dose dependent penile erection in conscious rabbits after the oral administration of 1 to 30 mg./kg. The efficacy of vardenafil was potentiated and effective doses were significantly reduced by the simultaneous administration of sodium nitroprusside.

We found different effects in women who had reported CSA (N = 5) compared with those who had not (N = 8). In women without CSA, testosterone induced an increase in their originally low levels of preconscious attention for sexual cues, while women with CSA showed a decrease in their originally high levels of attention. In these groups, we also found different effects of the combination of testosterone and vardenafil on the VPA: women without CSA revealed a statistically significant increase in their VPA during treatment with the combination of testosterone and vardenafil as compared with placebo. Women with CSA, however, showed no alterations in their physiological sexual responding during this combined drug treatment.

Assisted reproductive technology. Semen samples were collected by masturbation. The combined use of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE5-I; vardenafil, 10 mg) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI; sertraline, 50 mg) to treat patients who failed to collect semen on the day of egg retrieval.

Vardenafil ODT significantly improves erectile function in men with ED regardless of age, baseline ED severity, or underlying condition.

Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors are preferred by most men for the oral treatment of erectile dysfunction. In many guidelines, this therapy is recommended as first-line therapy because of convenience, high efficacy, and low rates of side-effects. Sildenafil was the first drug for the treatment of erectile dysfunction, introduced in 1998. There are now two new phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors, vardenafil and tadalafil, for which approval was recently given in the European Union and is expected this year in the United States.

Post hoc subgroup analysis of a 12-week study of the influence of lipid levels and presence of metabolic syndrome on the efficacy of vardenafil as measured by International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) domain score, responses to Sexual Encounter Profile (SEP) SEP2 and SEP3 questions, duration of erection leading to successful intercourse, and erection duration regardless of the answer to SEP3. Lipid values were obtained at study start, after patients had received at least 3 months of therapy with a statin.

One hundred thirty-three patients who complain of erectile dysfunction with serum testosterone level less than 3.5 ng/mL were injected with 1,000 mg of TU (4 mL/ample) on day 1, followed by another injection after 6 weeks and 18 weeks. For the safety profiles, serum hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), glucose, lipid profile, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were measured.

The NO--cGMP system plays a key role in the regulation of sinusoidal tonus and liver blood flow with phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) terminating the dilatory action of cGMP. We, therefore, investigated the effects of PDE-5 inhibitors on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics in rats.

We postulated that vardenafil could improve urodynamic parameters by reducing BANF. The effect of vardenafil has been investigated on intravesical pressure by cystometry experiments while recording BANF in response to bladder filling.

Home- and clinic-based assessments in the outpatient department at the Centre Bouffard Vercelli, Cerbère France.

To determine whether early onset of activity with vardenafil is also achievable in ED patients with DM.

Vardenafil and sildenafil are potent and specific phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE 5) inhibitors. In human penile cavernosal smooth muscle cells, we have previously shown that vardenafil has a lower biochemical inhibition constant (Ki) than sildenafil. In this study, we compared the efficacy of vardenafil and sildenafil in facilitating penile erection in a rabbit model. Penile erections were elicited by submaximal (2.5 or 6 Hz) pelvic nerve stimulation (PNS) repeated every 5 minutes for 30 minutes with or without intravenous (i.v.) administration of vardenafil (1-30 microg/kg) or sildenafil (10-30 microg/kg). Erectile response was assessed by continuously recording intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and systemic arterial pressure (SAP). All data were expressed as a ratio of ICP:SAP. I.v. administration of either PDE 5 inhibitor facilitated PNS-induced erection and increased ICP:SAP in a dose-dependent manner, reaching peak response at approximately 5 minutes. However, the threshold dose at which facilitation of erection occurred was lower for vardenafil (3 microg/kg) than for sildenafil (10 microg/kg). At the 10-microg/kg dose (i.v.), the response duration was significantly greater with vardenafil (169 +/- 23 seconds) than with sildenafil (137 +/- 31 seconds). Direct intracavernosal (i.c.) injection of 1-30 microg/kg vardenafil or sildenafil also caused dose-dependent increases in ICP:SAP in the absence of PNS. Response durations increased in a dose-dependent manner and lasted more than 5 times that of i.v. drug administration coupled with PNS. Irrespective of the route of administration (i.c. or i.v.), at equivalent doses, vardenafil was significantly more efficacious than sildenafil in facilitating pelvic nerve-mediated penile erection and in eliciting erection in the absence of PNS. The increases in ICPs occurred more quickly, were of larger magnitude, and were sustained for longer durations for vardenafil than for sildenafil. On the basis of the biochemical data and physiological responses from this study, further clinical evaluation of vardenafil as treatment for erectile dysfunction is warranted.