High blood pressure. Causes, symptoms, treatments

P450-catalyzed in-chain desaturation of valproic acid: isoform selectivity and mechanism of formation of Delta 3-valproic acid generated by baculovirus-expressed CYP3A1.

2017-05-29

Results of large, randomized trials of solifenacin in combination with tamsulosin in men with lower urinary tract symptoms, including voiding and storage ones, have dominated the medical literature on the subject for the past 12-16 months. Solifenacin in upfront combination with alpha-blockers or as add-on therapy in men with residual storage symptoms despite alpha-blockade offers additional benefits in symptom control. In accordance with data from previous studies on other antimuscarinics, improvements are significant only for some of the efficacy outcomes. Solifenacin in combination with alpha-blockers is associated with an increase in postvoid residual urine volume but not a significantly increased risk of retention. Recent data also indicate that the combination of antimuscarinics with alpha-blockers is cost-effective with long-term efficacy and safety.

The case is presented of a severe Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS) in a patient that had been treated with duloxetine.

Safety and efficacy data from NEPTUNE and NEPTUNE II were combined to cover a 52-wk period. Primary efficacy end points were total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and total urgency and frequency score (TUFS); secondary end points included IPSS storage and voiding subscores, micturition diary variables, and quality of life parameters.

Out of 100 male patients aged 45 years and above diagnosed with BPE, 92 were included in the study. Patients were randomized using computer generated random number table. Of which, 47 patients received combination therapy with Tamsulosin plus Finasteride and 45 patients received monotherapy with Tamsulosin once daily at bed time.

alpha-Blocker therapy continues to benefit children with primary bladder neck dysfunction even after 3 years of treatment. Few patients can come off of alpha-blocker therapy without returning to their pretreatment state, suggesting the condition is likely chronic in most patients.

Tolterodine ER resulted effective in reducing frequency urgency and nocturia and urinary leakage in male patients with OAB/storage LUTS. Dry mouth and constipation are the most frequently reported adverse events.

Between July 2011 and December 2012, 62 adult patients presenting with distal ureteric stones sized 5 to 10 mm were randomized equally to treatment with tamsulosin (group A) or tamsulosin with tadalafil (group B). Therapy was given for a maximum of 6 weeks. In addition, patients in groups A and B were given 5-mg prednisolone once daily (maximum 1 week). The stone expulsion rate, time to stone expulsion, analgesic use, number of hospital visits for pain, follow-up and endoscopic treatment, and adverse effects of the drugs were noted. Statistical analyses were done by using Student t-test and chi-square test.

We conducted a cross-sectional study using administrative data from 5 states in 2000. Rates of surgical and medical therapy were calculated per 100,000 men 55 years old or older. Main outcome measures were county level weighted coefficient of variation and systematic component of variation in therapy rates, as well as surgery rates as a function of medication dispensing rates, health care resources and sociodemographic characteristics.

To detail the therapeutic use and clinical effects of tamsulosin.

In a managed care setting involving approximately 1000 physicians who issue approximately 1.4 million prescriptions annually, the rate of prescription of sex-specific drugs to patients of the opposite sex for which the drugs are indicated was evaluated for 2003. The categories of drugs included in the analysis were drugs for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia or erectile dysfunction that were prescribed to women, as well as oral contraceptives, vaginal pessaries, hormone therapy, or raloxifene hydrochloride prescribed to men.

A 56-year-old man initially presented to a local urologist with severe lower urinary tract symptoms and microhematuria. He had a history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, mild asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, erectile dysfunction, and pyeloplasty as a child. Investigations at this time included urinalysis, measurement of serum PSA levels, cystoscopy, urine cytology, and renal ultrasonography. The findings were suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia, and the patient received finasteride, tamsulosin, and underwent transurethral needle ablation of the prostate. Four years after the initial presentation, the patient presented to a tertiary institution with worsened symptoms.

The aim is to evaluate tamsulosin efficacy and safety on the expulsion of distal ureteral stones compared to a standard therapy.

Universal FDCT provision for Nigeria has major economic implications. This study in the context of its limitations has demonstrated the cost effectiveness of FDCT for the long term treatment of patients with moderate to severe BPH from the perspective of a developing country. Currently, there are few studies available to give economic data evidence to policy makers in Nigeria which is applicable to developing countries with similar economies. As such, the findings in this study will be relevant to policy makers in these countries.