[S2k-guideline for therapy of acne].
A spectrophotometric procedure for the simultaneous determination of mefenamic acid and paracetamol in a mixture is described. Using 0.01 M methanolic hydrochloric acid as solvent, the absorbance of the mixture is measured at 248, 279 and 351 nm. The concentration of each component can be calculated by solving two equations using two wavelengths, either 248 and 279 nm or 248 and 351 nm.
The efficacy of pain relief for fractional curettage using oral mefenamic acid (500 mg) two hours before the procedure was not statistically different from the paracervical block, but there were fewer side effects. Mefenamic acid should be considered an alternate pain relief during fractional curettage.
Stir bar sorptive extraction with polyurethane (PU) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymeric phases followed by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection [SBSE(PU or PDMS)/HPLC-DAD] was studied for the determination of six acidic pharmaceuticals [o-acetylsalicylic acid (ACA), ibuprofen (IBU), diclofenac sodium (DIC), naproxen (NAP), mefenamic acid (MEF) and gemfibrozil (GEM)], selected as non-steroidal acidic anti-inflammatory drugs and lipid regulators model compounds in environmental water matrices. The main parameters affecting the efficiency of the proposed methodology are fully discussed. Assays performed on 25 mL of water samples spiked at the 10 microg L(-1) level under optimized experimental conditions, yielded recoveries ranging from 45.3+/-9.0% (ACA) to 90.6+/-7.2% (IBU) by SBSE(PU) and 9.8+/-1.6% (NAP) to 73.4+/-5.0% (GEM) by SBSE(PDMS), where the former polymeric phase presented a better affinity to extract these target analytes from water matrices at the trace level. The methodology showed also excellent linear dynamic ranges for the six acidic pharmaceuticals studied, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9976, limits of detection and quantification between 0.40-1.7 microg L(-1) and 1.5-5.8 microg L(-1), respectively, and suitable precision (RSD <15%). Moreover, the developed methodology was applied for the determination of these target analytes in several environmental matrices, including river, sea and wastewater samples, having achieved good performance and moderate matrix effects. In short, the PU foams demonstrated to be an excellent alternative for the enrichment of the more polar metabolites from water matrices by SBSE, overcoming the limitations of the conventional PDMS phase.
We conclude that neither AE nor AA alone reduce either pain intensity or analgesic consumption in a molar tooth extraction model of acute pain.
Dimaprit, a highly selective H2-agonist, caused a multiphasic contraction of guinea-pig ileal segments and ileal myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle preparations. The initial phase was characterized by a twitch which reached a maximum in 15 to 30 sec and was followed by a partial relaxation. The later phase was variable and consisted of a series of twitch responses or of a slowly developing contracture which sometimes was accompanied by oscillatory changes in tension. dose-response curves were generated for the initial response; for isolated ileal segments the EC50 was 5.1 +/- 1.8 micrometers (mean +/- S.D., N = 7) and the Hill coefficient was 1.1 +/- 0.2 and for longitudinal muscle strips the EC50 was 5.8 +/- 1.2 micrometer and the Hill coefficient was 1.2 +/- 0.1 (N = 7). Both the initial and secondary components of the contractile responses to dimaprit were prevented by 0.2 micron tetrodotoxin or 10 microns mefenamic acid and by the production of tachphylaxis to either substance P or serotonin. Scopolamine, 0.001 to 0.1 micron, insurmountably antagonized only the initial component of the response. Mepyramine (1.0 micrometer), hexamethonium (100 microns), bromolysergic acid (0.25 microns) and p-(imidazol-1-yl)phenyl (10 microns) were without effect on the response to dimaprit. The histamine H2-receptor antagonist, tiotidine, produced parallel dextral shifts in the dose-response curve for dimaprit. The apparent pA2 value for tiotidine was 7.65. The results suggest that dimaprit acts on H2-receptors located on myenteric plexus neurons to cause the release of contractile substances. The mediators of the contractile response are tentatively identified as acetylcholine, substance P, serotonin and a product(s) of the arachadonic acid cascade.
To determine the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic ibuprofen compared to placebo/no intervention or other cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor drugs (indomethacin, mefenamic acid, etc) in the prevention of PDA in preterm infants.
The anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs, aspirin, indomethacin, phenylbutazone, mefenamic acid ibuprofen and flurbiprofen are shown to inhibit in a dose-dependent manner the force of contraction of isolated human pregnant myometrial strips which have been stimulated to contract by adding prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha to the tissue bath. These drugs and also flufenamic acid and salicin show a similar antagonism of the action of PGF2alpha with isolated rabbit non-pregnant myometrium. The ratio of the inhibitory concentration in vitro to the maximum plasma level after a normal dose in vivo suggests that phenylbutazone and possibly ibuprofen may be capable of inhibiting human uterine contractions in vivo. Patients who were treated with aspirin during induction of abortion using PGF2alpha during the second trimester of pregnancy showed no significant change in the induction-abortion interval compared with patients not taking aspirin.